The corruption situation in the public sector remains serious in various fields, Huynh Phong Tranh, chief of the Government’s Inspectorate said in a report to the National Assembly about anti-corruption activities in 2014.
Nguyen Van Hien, chairman of the NA’s Committee for Justice agreed to Tranh’s report, which pointed out that corruption has been mainly recorded in the fields of finance, banking, land management and uses, management and exploitation of natural resources and public investment.
Regarding the loss caused by corrupt acts, Tranh said the loss to the State budget, property of people and assets of businesses in corruption cases were great, but the amounts recovered were small.
“Criminals in corruption case often used complicated tricks to cover up the illegal amounts or property they gained through their wrongdoings. They could use different ways to hide property and hide or destroy materials, causing difficulties to investigators,” he explained.
On the other hand, the official said, most of people committing corrupt acts are those having positions and power. They use such power and positions to collude into interest groups to protect each other.
Therefore, most corruption cases required a lot of time to handle before the defendants involved can be brought to court for trial, he said.
In order to improve the efficiency of anti-corruption activities, the Government has proposed that the National Assembly consider amendments and supplements to the Penal Code to further clarify a number of corrupt acts and add new corruption charges, Tranh said.
Such amendments or supplements are necessary to ensure the consistence between the Law on Corruption Prevention and Control and the Penal Code, the official said.
In addition, there should be regulations on giving pardons or commutations to people who have committed corruption but they actively report their offenses to authorities and take remedies to mitigate consequences before their crimes are detected, he added.