Environmental pollution in neighbourhoods on the outskirts of Ha Noi has gotten worse during recent years, said professor Pham Ngoc Dang, director of the Research Centre for Urban & Environmental Development.
He said that population in districts on the edge of Ha Noi has increased rapidly, but the infrastructure, including clean water, sewage and road systems, was out of date, leading to increasing environmental pollution.
Dang added that the environmental pollution started from weak investment and weak management.
Investors have not obeyed regulations related to urban and environment management, he said.
Bach Thuy Hong, a resident who lives in Phung Khoang Village in Nam Tu Liem District’s Trung Van Ward, said that the number of buildings and traffic density increased so quickly in the district that the area was always dusty and noisy.
The same situation happened in Phu Do Village which made bun (rice vermicelli) in the district’s Phu Do Ward. The village has more than 200 households making 80 tonnes of bun per day. A Vietnam News Agency’s correspondent experienced a sour smell that covered the entire village.
Nguyen Tien Manh, a local resident, lamented that the construction density in the village increased by three or four times compared with some previous years, whereas the sewage system was too small so that water overflowed into residents’ houses whenever it rained heavily.
Another resident living in Tay Ho District’s Xuan La Ward said that the most unpleasant problem was that construction and daily waste was discharged uncontrollably. The problem could lead to diseases, he said.
Professor Dang suggested that besides giving instruction, the authorities should have strict punishment for violators related to urban management, and encourage enterprises and the community to implement policies on environmental management and protection, said Dang.
Nguyen Truong Son, deputy chairman of Nam Tu Liem District, said that Nam Tu Liem District was one of the districts with the fastest urbanisation speeds in Ha Noi with a number of construction buildings.
Recently the district leaders strengthened their inspections even at night.
The inspectors checked construction waste discharge and gave strict punishments to violators, said Son. Education on the issue was also improved.
“But raising people’s awareness is a difficult work which requires a long period,” he said.