Ha Noi will spend VND1.35 trillion (US$60 million) on an environmental campaign to fight pollution in 80 of its craft villages through 2030, the capital city’s Department of Trade and Industry said on Wednesday.
Water samples taken from 40 craft villages in Ha Noi raised red flags when 100 per cent of the test results showed excessive pollution levels in at least three different categories, according to an environmental survey by the Ha Noi Centre for Environmental and Natural Resources Monitoring and Analysis.
Almost none of the villages had sufficient facilities to collect and process solid waste or treat wastewater. As a result, a large amount of polluted water – up to 7,000 cubic metres a day at some villages – was released into the environment without being treated on a day-to-day basis.
Furthermore, craft villages – specialising in the manufacture of various products – were also found to be sources of noise and air pollution. Heavily polluted environments have resulted in severe health consequences for residents, including digestive diseases, skin diseases, respiratory diseases and numerous other health concerns, the survey showed.
The matter was made worse by the fact that craft workshops are often situated inside residential areas, making it difficult to collect and gather the waste they produced due to logistical issues. In addition, villages were unaware of the environmental consequences or unwilling to deal with them.
The city plans to spend VND750 billion ($33.5 million) by 2020 on various projects to improve environmental conditions in 50 of its largest craft villages, which will include the installation of central wastewater treatment systems and solid waste depots for businesses, co-operatives and household workshops.
Similar projects with a budget of VND600 billion ($26.5 million) will be carried out in another 30 villages from 2020 to 2030. In order to address on-going environmental issues in all of its 1,350 craft villages, the city will require a large investment, according to the trade and industry department.
In addition to the State’s budget, the city also encouraged the development of public-private partnerships in the effort to fight pollution. A detailed plan to organise and manage the city’s waste depots was also finalised.